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Type 2 diabetes is a common condition in which the body is resistant to the effects of the hormone insulin, making the levels of sugar in the blood too high. Diabetes can significantly affect your health, well-being, and life expectancy.

However, weight control, changes to your diet, and expert treatment can help get your glucose levels back to normal.

The London Clinic provides bespoke treatment plans for people living with type 2 diabetes. A multidisciplinary team, including diabetologists, dieticians, podiatrists, and clinical nurse specialists, provide expert care, health screening, and support to help you stay healthy and live a full and active life.

The London Clinic has a specialist Diabetes Unit with access to the very latest technology and treatments. The world-leading consultants provide bespoke diabetes care to help you lose weight, control your blood sugar levels, and reduce the risk of diabetes complications.

Graphic showing glucose level as high

What is type 2 diabetes?

Type 2 diabetes is one of the world’s most common long-term health problems. It’s a condition that makes sugar levels in the blood too high. Type 2 diabetes is linked with obesity, inactivity, and having a family history of the disease.

Diabetes affects the way the body deals with energy from food. When we eat, carbohydrates are broken down into glucose. The glucose is absorbed into the bloodstream and distributed to cells around the body to provide energy.  The hormone insulin controls the levels of sugar in the blood. Insulin acts like a chemical key. It unlocks the cells so that the body's organs, muscles, and tissues can burn glucose for energy, then safely store any surplus. 

If you have type 2 diabetes, the body either doesn't respond properly to the insulin circulating, or doesn't produce enough insulin for its needs. Glucose builds up in the blood, and the cells are starved of the energy they need to function.

If you have diabetes, you may feel tired, thirsty, and need to pass more water than usual. Over time, diabetes can damage the body, increasing your risk of having serious problems with your eyes, kidneys, heart, and nerves.

Treatment for type 2 diabetes at The London Clinic

The London Clinic offers holistic care for the control of type 2 diabetes. The Diabetes Unit provides customised treatment tailored to each individual's needs in a comfortable, supportive, and stress-free environment. 

The diabetes team will work with you to help you understand your condition, take control of your diabetes, and protect your health.

Diabetes monitoring at The London Clinic  

Controlling blood glucose levels is critical to maintaining health and reducing long term complications of diabetes.  Regular glucose testing can help you monitor the condition, and enable the specialists to work with you to fine-tune your diabetes treatment.

The specialist team will help you measure and monitor your glucose using the finger-prick technique. The Diabetes Unit will also arrange regular HbA1c blood testing. This blood test provides an indication of your average blood glucose over the previous few months.

The London Clinic offers access to state-of-the-art continuous glucose monitors (CGM). CGM can be useful for people using insulin or having problems with regular hypoglycaemia or hyperglycaemic unawareness. They can identify hypos (low blood sugars) and hypers (high blood glucose) and reduce the need for finger-pricking. CHM can monitor sugar levels during sleep, and help identify glucose trends over time.

Our dietiTians

There is evidence that weight loss and dietary changes can help you control your blood glucose levels. In many people, weight management has even put their type 2 diabetes into remission. If you are overweight and have type 2 diabetes, losing around 15 kg can help normalise your glucose levels, protect against the complications of diabetes and help you live longer.

The London Clinic has launched an innovative new weight management service. The specialist programme can help people with diabetes lose weight and keep it off. 

The London Clinic offers expert dietetic care, specialist chefs, and a personal weight loss programme to help you improve your health and wellbeing.

The dieticians can help you decide on the weight loss solutions best suited to your unique needs. They can advise about carbohydrates in your diet and their effect on your glucose levels. A low-carbohydrate diet can help lower your HbA1c, improve weight loss and reduce cravings for sugary treats. 

Diabetes medications

Diabetes medications can help lower blood glucose levels in people with type 2 diabetes. The London Clinic offers a range of the very latest drugs, including new treatments that can also help you lose weight, which can improve the control of your diabetes. The diabetologists will work with you to create a bespoke treatment programme to help control your glucose levels and maintain your health. 

Potential Treatments


A medication that decreases your body’s natural glucose production and helps the body respond to insulin.

Gliptins or DPP-4 inhibitors

These treatments block an enzyme that breaks down the hormone incretin in the body. DPP-4 inhibitors work by blocking the action of DPP-4, an enzyme which destroys the hormone incretin. Incretins help the body produce more insulin only when it is needed and reduce the amount of glucose being produced by the liver when it is not needed. With higher levels of incretin, the body produces more insulin and less glucose. 

SGLT2 or sodium glucose like co-transporter 2 inhibitors

These drugs work in the kidneys. They prevent the kidneys from reabsorbing glucose that has been filtered out of the blood. This glucose is then excreted through the kidneys therefore lowering the amount of glucose in the blood.


These drugs stimulate insulin release from the pancreas.

Prandial glucose regulators

Medications that stimulate the pancreas to produce more insulin. They act in a similar way to sulphonylureas- but they work more quickly and for a shorter time.

Thiazolidinediones (Glitazones)

These treatments protect the cells of the pancreas, reduce the body's resistance to the action of insulin, and increase sensitivity so that the insulin can work more effectively.

GLP1 therapies or incretin mimetics

These are injectable treatments, but they’re not insulin. They’re given daily or weekly. They increase the levels of hormones called incretins which help the body produce more insulin when needed and decrease unneeded glucose production by the liver. They can also make you feel less hungry, so can help with weight management.


A medication that slows down bowel absorption of starchy foods.


Some people with type 2 diabetes need to inject insulin to help control their diabetes effectively. The London Clinic helps every patient find a suitable insulin regime that suits their lifestyle. The dedicated pharmacy provides simple pen-like devices that make injection simple, discreet, and comfortable.

Foot Care

Maintaining foot health is a vital part of diabetes care. Diabetes can make the feet vulnerable. Persistently high sugar levels can affect the circulation and damage the nerves in the feet, making them numb. Cuts, blisters, and infection tend to be less painful, so they're easily ignored.

The London Clinic's specialist podiatrists can check your feet, advise on maintaining foot health, and help protect against damage.

Screening and health protection

Diabetes can affect the body from head to toe. Over time, the persistently raised glucose can affect the eyes, the heart, the circulation, the kidneys, and the feet.

The London Clinic provides expert care to protect your health and specialist screening services so that any problems are identified and treated at an early stage. Screening can include:

The London Clinic integrates diabetes care with other specialist services from initial diagnosis. Patients have access to world-leading consultant cardiologists, ophthalmologists, nephrologists, and vascular surgeons to help manage any of the complications of diabetes.

Why choose The London Clinic?

The London Clinic is dedicated to providing the best, personalised healthcare with over 600 world-renowned consultants available to offer informed health advice and treatment.

Spanning Harley Street and Devonshire Place, The London Clinic is situated in the heart of London’s internationally-known medical district. This central location, together with state-of-the art technologies and facilities that are not widely available in other hospitals, makes The London Clinic the hospital of choice for around 120,000 patients every year.

The London Clinic is an HTA licensed and JACIE accredited cancer centre with an ‘Excellent’ MacMillan Quality Environment Mark and with access to a Level 3 intensive care unit.

Offering affordable and competitive self-pay packages and expert support from Clinical Nurse Specialists and our specialised multidisciplinary team, over 98% of our patients said they would recommend The London Clinic to their friends and families.

Treatment cost

The London Clinic offers affordable, competitive self-pay packages for certain treatments.

Patients have the option to spread the cost of treatment with Chrysalis Finance.

Please call +44 (0)20 3613 7502 to speak to our helpful team to find out more and to book an appointment.

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