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General enquiries:
+44 (0)207 935 4444
Book an appointment:
+44 (0)207 616 7693
Self-pay enquiry:
+44 (0)203 219 3315

Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disabling neurological condition in which the body produces antibodies and mounts an immune response to the myelin that surrounds and protects nerves.

The exact origin of the disease and a cure has yet to be found, but treatments are available that help relieve symptoms and may slow progression.

How does multiple sclerosis start?

Almost 150 years since multiple sclerosis was first recognised, we know that MS is an auto-immune disorder but we still do not know exactly what triggers this, and why it affects some people and not others. There are several theories and most experts agree that MS is probably due to a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Types of multiple sclerosis

There are 4 main types: 

  • Relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis (RRMS): symptoms appear sporadically during a relapse, followed by full or partial recovery during a period of remission. 
  • Secondary progressive multiple sclerosis (SPMS): symptoms progressively increase, but this might be very slow and barely noticeable.
  • Primary progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS): symptoms gradually get worse from the start, rather than appearing as relapses.
  • Benign multiple sclerosis (BMS): only very occasional relapses, with good recovery in-between, and minimal symptoms over 10 to 20 years.

Multiple sclerosis and autoimmunity

Multiple sclerosis is an autoimmune disease. This means that the immune system attacks the body's own tissues, instead of fighting off foreign bodies such as pathogenic bacteria. In multiple sclerosis, the immune system attacks myelin, the main component of the protective sheath that surrounds nerve fibres in the central nervous system.

Myelin is partially or completely stripped from the nerve fibres disrupting nerve transmission between the brain and the rest of the body via the central nervous system. This produces physical problems such as difficulties in moving, and can cause emotional and mental problems as cognitive processes slow down.

 

Medical Admissions

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Facilitating acute admissions into The London Clinic whilst maintaining the highest levels of safety and care, supported by a consultant on-call rota.

Concierge service

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We can support our patients with travel, hotel accommodation, London tours, plus theatre and restaurant reservations.

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Main numbers

General enquiries: 020 7935 4444 Appointments: 020 7616 7693 Self-Pay: 020 3219 3315

Other numbers

Concierge service: 020 3219 3323International office: 020 3 219 3266Invoice and payment enquiries: 020 7616 7708

Your call may be recorded for training and monitoring purposes.

Medical service numbers

Breast services appointments: 020 7616 7653 Diagnostics appointments: 020 7616 7653 Endoscopy appointments: 020 7616 7760 Eye centre appointments: 020 7616 7768 Haematology appointments: 020 7535 5503 Kidney services appointments: 020 7224 5234 Liver services appointments: 020 7616 7719 Physiotherapy appointments: 020 7616 7651 Radiology appointments: 020 7616 7653

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