Scoliosis can affect people of all ages, and if left untreated, it can lead to pain, discomfort, and potential complications. Our experienced team of spinal consultants, along with our multidisciplinary approach, is dedicated to providing personalised care for individuals with scoliosis.

What is Scoliosis?

Scoliosis is a condition characterised by an abnormal side ways curvature of the spine. Instead of the spine appearing straight when viewed from the back, it forms a C-shaped or S-shaped curve. This curvature can affect the alignment of the shoulders, hips, and waistline, resulting in an asymmetrical appearance. While scoliosis can occur at any age, it most commonly develops during the growth spurt just before puberty.

At London Spine Clinic, our team of expert spinal consultants specialises in diagnosing and treating scoliosis for anyone aged 18 and over. We understand that scoliosis can cause discomfort, affect mobility, and impact a person's quality of life. Our dedicated specialists work collaboratively to provide comprehensive care tailored to each patient's unique needs.

Symptoms of Scoliosis

Common symptoms of scoliosis include:

  • Uneven shoulder or hip alignment: Scoliosis can cause one shoulder or hip to appear higher than the other, creating an asymmetrical appearance.
  • Asymmetrical waistline: The waistline may appear uneven or have a prominent curve on one side.
  • Visible abnormal curvature of the spine when bending forward: A noticeable curve or hump may be visible when the individual bends forward, indicating the presence of scoliosis.
  • Back pain: Some individuals with scoliosis may experience discomfort or pain in their back, particularly in the affected area of the spine.
  • Muscle stiffness: Stiffness in the back muscles may be experienced, making it challenging to move or rotate the spine.
  • Limited mobility: Scoliosis can restrict the range of motion in the spine, leading to reduced flexibility and difficulty performing certain activities.

When to see a consultant

It is recommended to consult with a specialist if:

  • You notice a visible curvature of the spine: If you or someone you know observes an abnormal curvature in the spine, it is advisable to seek a professional evaluation.
  • Symptoms worsen over time: If the symptoms of scoliosis are progressing or becoming more severe, prompt medical attention is recommended.
  • Uneven shoulder or hip alignment is observed: When one shoulder or hip appears higher or more prominent than the other, it may be indicative of scoliosis and should be assessed by a specialist.
  • There is persistent back pain or discomfort: Chronic back pain that is associated with scoliosis should be evaluated by a healthcare professional to determine the underlying cause and appropriate treatment.
  • Limited mobility or muscle stiffness is experienced: If scoliosis is causing reduced range of motion or stiffness in the back muscles, consulting a specialist can help address these issues and prevent further complications.

Causes of Scoliosis

Scoliosis can have various causes, including:

  • Degenerative scoliosis: Is one of the most common causes. It occurs as a result of age-related degeneration of the spinal discs and joints, leading to the development of abnormal curvature in the spine.
  • Idiopathic (unknown cause): In many cases, the exact cause of scoliosis is unknown, and it is referred to as idiopathic scoliosis. It often develops during adolescence.
  • Congenital (present at birth): Some individuals are born with scoliosis due to abnormal spinal development in the womb.
  • Neuromuscular conditions: Certain neuromuscular disorders, such as cerebral palsy or muscular dystrophy, can contribute to the development of scoliosis.
  • Growth spurts during adolescence: Rapid growth during adolescence can sometimes trigger the onset or progression of scoliosis.
  • Connective tissue disorders: Conditions that affect the connective tissues, such as Ehlers-Danlos syndrome or Marfan syndrome, may be associated with scoliosis.
  • Injuries to the spine: Traumatic injuries or surgeries involving the spine can sometimes lead to the development of scoliosis.


With our multidisciplinary approach, we take the time to listen to our patients, understand their concerns, and conduct a thorough evaluation. Our diagnostic tests, including advanced imaging techniques such as X-rays, MRI scans, and CT scans, allow us to accurately assess the curvature of the spine and determine the severity and underlying cause of scoliosis.

Radiologist analysing X-ray image with human spine in consulting room

Treatment Options

We offer a range of treatment options, including non-surgical approaches such as physiotherapy, bracing, and exercises targeted at strengthening the spine. For severe or progressive cases, our skilled surgeons are proficient in performing various surgical techniques, including spinal fusion or corrective procedures, to reduce the curvature and restore spinal alignment.

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