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A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z
ALT testing is a liver function test. It measures the level of alanine transaminase (ALT), an enzyme that is produced and used inside liver cells.
Small liver cysts may not cause any problems, however if you have a larger cyst or one that is causing symptoms they can be treated using several techniques such as: needle aspiration, using a sclerosant, surgery and medication.
A FibroScan® is a test that can reveal any fibrosis (stiffening) within the liver. It is a non-invasive test, so you do not need a biopsy or an injection. The Fibroscan® works using ultrasound and gives an immediate result.
Gilbert’s syndrome is often discovered unexpectedly when routine blood tests show a slightly raised level of bilirubin in the blood. The person affected usually has normal liver function test results.
Haemochromatosis treatment is straightforward. It involves taking blood a pint at a time to deplete the body’s iron stores in a procedure called venesection. A typical schedule could involve taking a pint of blood each week until serum ferritin levels are at the lower end of the normal range.
Hepatitis B is a viral infection that is transmitted through blood and bodily fluids. Globally, around 1 in 3 people are infected.
Treatment of chronic hepatitis C is important as clearing the virus from the body can prevent long-term liver damage, such as cirrhosis (irreversible scarring of the liver), liver failure and liver cancer. The treatments include: Pegylated interferon (an injection of a protein to stimulate the immune system to attack virus cells) and Ribavirin: antiviral tablets that are active against the spread of hepatitis C in the body.
Excess fluid can be drained from the abdomen if it is severe. You can also take diuretic ‘water’ tablets to increase urine excretion and you will be encouraged to follow a low-salt diet to limit fluid accumulation. Swollen blood vessels around the oesophagus can be treated to prevent bleeding using two main techniques these include: banding and sclerotherapy and a TIPSS: Transjugular Intrahepatic Portosystemic Stent Shunt.
Analysis of a blood sample will show abnormally large, fragile red blood cells (megaloblasts) and a low haemoglobin count, but these are characteristic of all forms of anaemia. Usually, if atrophic gastritis (a thinning of the stomach lining) is identified at endoscopy, this is a very positive sign that pernicious anaemia has developed.
Portal hypertension is treated by trying to reduce portal vein blood pressure so that the formation of new varices and the build-up of ascites are prevented as far as possible.

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