Bone fractures, commonly known as broken bones, can be of several different types. Recovery takes anything from a few weeks to several months depending on the severity of the fracture, and the best treatment varies. Mild bone fractures heal naturally without any intervention; severe bone fractures may need surgery, immobilisation and physiotherapy once healing has reached a certain stage.
A bunion is a deformity of the lower joint of the big toe. It is medically termed hallux valgus. It should not be confused with medial bursitis of the big toe, which is inflammation of a bursa, the fluid sac between the bones in a joint. Medial bursitis is usually temporary, and is cured by resting the affected joint. A bunion, by contrast, unless treated surgically, is permanent.
Carpal tunnel syndrome is a condition where there is increased pressure on a nerve that crosses the front of your wrist (the median nerve).
There are various conditions that can be treated by using the hip arthroscopy technique that can help to preserve the hip and reduce pain. These include: a torn labrum; loose pieces of cartilage or bone; arthritis; ligamentum teres injury; femoracetabular impingement.
Dupuytren’s contracture is a condition that causes one or more fingers to become ‘hooked’; the person affected cannot straighten the affected finger because of overgrowth of connective tissue beneath the skin of the palm.
Foot neuroma is defined as a benign swelling of the medial plantar nerve in its third main digital branch.
Hip dysplasia is a condition where the bones of the hip joint are not correctly aligned. This can prevent the hip joint from working properly and can accelerate wear and tear of the joint.
Hip impingement has been recognised and understood only relatively recently. This has arisen from the observation that some patients, usually males, develop early arthritis in their hips because their hips have a somewhat aspherical shape.
Knee bursitis affects the bursa over the kneecap; this is medically termed prepatellar bursitis, colloquially termed housemaid’s knee. Knee bursitis also commonly affects the inner side of the knee.
Ligaments are tough, inelastic tissues that hold joints in place. When a joint is forced beyond its normal range of movement, this almost always involves ligament damage. This is commonly known as a sprain, such as a sprained ankle.
A tendon injury tends to occur either as a result of a one-off incident such as a fall from a ladder, or from a long-term repetitive injury.
Tennis elbow is technically known as lateral epicondylitis. It is characterised by pain and inflammation around the lateral condyle, the bony lump on the outermost side of the elbow. This is the point at which the major tendons connect to the muscles of the forearm. Although the pain is felt at the site of tissue damage, tennis elbow results from forceful wrist movements.
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