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Acute stroke occurs when the blood supply to the brain is disrupted, injuring brain cells and tissues. Acute stroke damages the brain and is a physical injury; for this reason GPs and specialists often call a stroke a brain attack, as it is similar to a heart attack but occurs in the brain.
Aphasia is a condition in which the person affected becomes unable to use or understand language effectively. It is primarily a language disorder that leads to problems in word-finding, word recognition and grammar.
Bell’s palsy is a neurological condition that affects the facial nerve causing weakness down one side of the face.
Brain tumours are uncontrolled areas of cell growth within the brain. Although some are fast-growing malignant brain tumours, others are benign brain tumours that grow much slower and are not cancerous. While benign brain tumours are not invasive and do not spread, their very presence can cause problems in the brain; it is important that they are spotted early and treated fast.
Bleeding in the brain can damage brain tissue directly and it can also lead to increased intracranial pressure. This can cause widespread damage.
Brain aneurysms are caused by weaknesses in blood vessels within the brain. These typically occur at the point where blood vessels branch. As the wall of the artery gives way, it expands outwards forming a balloon, which can sometimes burst, releasing blood into the brain.
Over 120 individual types of brain tumour can be classified. Diagnosing a brain tumour is a very individual process, and your diagnosis at The London Clinic will then be used to develop your personalised treatment plan.
Cavernomas are a type of blood vessel malformation. They contain small clusters of blood-filled globules that often look similar to a raspberry. They usually occur in the brain.
Infections of the central nervous system affect the brain and spinal cord, usually causing swelling.
Most Chiari malformations are congenital problems that affect the lower part of the brain, near to the passage at the base of the skull through which the brain stem connects with the spinal cord.
Encephalitis is a swelling of the functional parts of the brain that can be caused by specific viruses or by an autoimmune response.
Epilepsy is a condition in which people have recurrent seizures.
Someone with essential tremor is troubled by erratic shaking of their arms and hands, which can prevent them doing everyday tasks easily.
Guillain-Barre syndrome (pronounced Ghee-yan Bah-ray) occurs when the immune system attacks the nerves of the body. This can cause muscle weakness, which can occur anywhere in the body and can range from mild to severe.
Headaches are a common neurological disorder that is estimated to be the reason for one-fifth of all UK outpatient referrals.
Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a disabling neurological condition in which the body produces antibodies and mounts an immune response to the myelin that surrounds and protects nerves.
Narcolepsy is a neurological disorder that causes daytime tiredness and abnormal sleep patterns. It affects people of all ages and seems to be a problem in five in every 10,000 people. It is quite difficult to diagnose and can cause some unusual problems in daily life.
The neck and back are part of the spine and one tends to affect the other. Most causes of back pain can also lead to neck pain.
Paraneoplastic syndrome is a term used to describe conditions caused by cancerous tumours that cause symptoms in tissues or organs nowhere near the tumour site.
Parkinson's disease is a progressive neurological brain disorder that affects the cells and nerves responsible for controlling and coordinating movement.
Peripheral nerves make up the wiring that connects the brain to the distant parts of the body. These nerves are necessary for us to walk, talk, touch and breathe. Although the impact of peripheral nerve damage can be diverse and serious, treatment can help, and some peripheral nerve damage does heal.
Pituitary tumours are common, nearly always benign and often unnoticed. They can, however, disrupt hormone levels or press on other parts of the brain.
Small fibre neuropathy is a type of neuropathy affecting small myelinated Aδ and unmyelinated C nerve fibres of the peripheral nervous system which innervate cutaneous structures and contribute to maintenance of the autonomic nervous system.
A spinal cord injury is damage to the spinal cord that results in a loss of function.
A subarachnoid haemorrhage is a bleed that occurs in the subarachnoid space that lines the brain.
A transient ischaemic attack (TIA), which is also known as a mini-stroke, occurs when the supply of blood to the brain is interrupted for a short time.
Trigeminal neuralgia is a chronic condition involving short bursts of pain that affect areas of the face, teeth or inside the mouth. The pain can be anything from a mild ache to severe pain that can be ‘stabbing’, ‘intense’ or ‘shooting’.