The choice of treatment depends on the type and location of the cancer, how advanced the cancer is and the age and general health of the individual.  Your consultant may order some diagnostic tests to help gather more information.

The three main forms of treatment are:

  • Surgery: which can include removal of the tumour and surrounding tissues and partial or complete neck dissection if there has been any spread of the disease.
  • Radiotherapy: which may include Image Guided Radiotherapy (IGRT), Intensity Modulated Radiotherapy or Volumetric Arc Therapy (IMRT/RapidArc).
  • Drug therapy which may include chemotherapy.

A treatment plan involving one or a combination of any of the above treatments is individually customised and your consultant will discuss your treatment plan with you (link to a list of consultant specializing in any of the above treatments).