What is cancer?

Cancer is a disease of the body’s cells.  The human body is made up of many different types of cells and therefore cancer is not a single disease with a single cause or treatment.  There are more than 200 different types of cancer, each with their own diagnostic procedures and treatments.

Normal cells in the body divide in a uniformed and controlled way.  When cells begin to grow out of control they divide and grow into a lump also known as a tumour.  Tumours are either benign or malignant.    Tests such as blood tests, biopsies and diagnostic investigations can all be used to determine the type of tumour. In a benign tumour, the cells do not spread to other parts of the body and so are not cancerous.  In a malignant tumour, the cancer cells have the ability to spread beyond the original area of the body.

Uterine Cancer

What is cancer of the uterus?

Uterine cancer is also called endometrial, or womb cancer.  The uterus, commonly known as the womb, is the part of the female reproductive system where the baby is carried during pregnancy. The uterus is lined by a layer of cells called the endometrium.

Endometrial cancer refers to several types of malignant tumours that start growing from the endometrium. Your consultant will explain to you which type of uterine cancer you have, and give you details of any possible treatment options.